Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative

Leading with Intentionality: The 4P Framework for Strategic Leadership

HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series

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  • Robert Wilkinson faculty staff headshot Kimberlyn Leary headshot
    Robert Wilkinson, Kimberlyn Leary
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Research summary

The ability to exercise leadership effectively requires skills and capacities that must be developed; they are not innate. Leadership is rarely making one decision and sticking to it, or making a grand development happen with a touch. Mostly, leadership is non-heroic and involves painstaking work, paying attention, and being able to learn quickly and in real time.

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